This paper aims to analyse the challenges posed by the Mediterranean refugee and migrant crisis in the European Union, from its inception until the present time. The paper is structured as follows: description of the chain of events leading to the refugee and migrant crisis in the EU, identification of the core challenges posed by this crisis, evaluation of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic to the migratory pressures faced by the European Union and appraisal of the responses laid out by the European Union, namely as the New Pact on Migration, to solve the Mediterranean refugee and migrant crisis.
Keywords: Refugee, Migrant, Mediterranean Refugee and Migrant Crisis, New Pact on Migration
Joana Vidal Lopes | OBSERVARE-UAL, Portugal
PhD Doctor in International Relations: Geopolitics and Geoeconomics at Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa. Master of Arts in European Economic Studies at the College of Europe in Bruges. Master of Science in Finance and Management at the University of Exeter. First Degree in Economics at Universidade Católica Portuguesa. Economist with professional experience in the fields of Business Consulting and Business Administration and Management.