Immigration x Security: the FRONTEX’s Role on EU External Border Control
European Union in the last years has developed its role as global actor, especially on the security field. Facing the migration crisis and the necessity of controlling the foreigners’ entry into the EU space, immigration has been treated by the EU policy makers as a new threat, not only for the social impact, but also because it could be related to terrorism. In order to fight against this insecurity, the EU has created several measures to manage and to control the immigration, which work in parallel with the Member-states actions. The European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union (FRONTEX) was created to support the Member-states in their responsibility on controlling and surveillance the external borders. Applying its mission and tasks, FRONTEX is an important European tool for controlling the migration flows and providing risk assessment regarding the Counter Terrorism strategy. However, using the Member-states territory and interfering in their sovereignty field, the relation between them and the agency is often a conflictual issue. The current articles will analyse the FRONTEX’ role on EU external border control and if its replacement for another agency, with more powers, could adjust the Member-states and EU action regarding the border security.
Emellin Layana Santos de Oliveira . email@example.com
Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Emellin de Oliveira received a Bachelor Degree of Law in Federal University of Ceará (Brazil) and Master Degree on International Migration in ISCTE (Portugal). She is a FCT researcher and a PhD in Law Candidate in NOVA University of Lisbon.